Pocket (Marshall) Coils [caption id="attachment_731" align="aligncenter" width="300"] Pocket coils Image from Simmons Beautyrest[/caption] Pocket coils, also known as pocketed coils, encased coils, wrapped coils or Marshall coils, are light gauge open-end coils in fabric pockets. They were invented in 1900 by James Marshall, an Englishman who migrated to Canada. In Toronto, Ontario, Canada he founded the Marshall Mattress Company to make mattresses using his technology. The company is...
Continuous Coils [caption id="attachment_719" align="aligncenter" width="347"] Looking down rows of continuous coils Image from Bedrooms & More, Seattle, Washington[/caption] Continuous coils are the least expensive type of coils used in innerspring mattresses. According to Seattle Mattress Company, this coil type was invented by Serta. Currently, Serta is the largest user of continuous coils. Serta's continuous coils are manufactured by Leggett & Platt under the trade name...
Offset (Karr) Coils [caption id="attachment_705" align="aligncenter" width="642"] Offset Coil System Image from Bedrooms & More, Seattle, Washington[/caption] Offset coils, also called Karr coils, were invented in the early 1900s by Frank Karr, who also started the Spring Air mattress company. They were developed from Bonnell coils, the original support for innerspring mattresses. Since the inception of offset coils, they have been used by many other mattress companies. The...
Bonnell Coils Bonnell Coil System, Image from Bedrooms & More, Seattle, Washington The oldest type of coil used in mattresses is the Bonnell coil. Bonnell coil mattresses are often called "traditional mattresses" or "traditional innerspring mattresses." Other types of coils have been developed since, but they all originate in the Bonnell coil. Bonnell coils themselves were developed from buggy seat springs. They are hourglass shaped. The ends are knotted, the end of the wire...
Rayon (Viscose) A sample of rayon from a skirt, photographed with a macro lens. from Wikipedia The oldest man-made fiber is rayon. It is formed of dissolved cellulose extracted from wood. Although almost any woody plant can supply the wood, some of the more common sources were conifers such as spruce, hemlock and pine. That was when most rayon was produced in North America and Europe. Now that the largest producer of rayon is in India, woods from that part of the world are commonly used,...
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